Six Essential Components to Exit Planning
By Michael Trabert, Partner, Advisory Services
It may surprise you to learn that according to a recent study by the University of Connecticut, over 70% of former business owners regret selling their companies less than a year after the sale. What accounts for this seller’s remorse? The main reason is lack of preparation on the part of the business owner.
The same survey showed that the number one reason business exits fail is due to a lack of planning on the part of the owner. A separate study showed that most business owners spend more time planning their family vacations then they do planning how and when to exit their business. Rather than being proactive, most business owners are reactive and “forced” to sell because of burnout, health issues, marital problems, or business conditions without the time to prepare correctly. As a result, most business owners exit their companies at the worst time possible.
Developing an exit plan is the most important thing you can do to protect the value of your business and avoid a “worst case” scenario.
An exit plan is a comprehensive road map that addresses all of the business, personal, financial, legal and tax issues involved in selling a privately owned business. A good exit plan includes contingencies for illness, burnout, divorce, and even your death. Its purpose is to ensure the survival of the business; to provide continuity to your employees, customers and vendors; and to preserve wealth for your family.
Without a predetermined exit plan, you will probably:
- Undervalue your company and leave hard-earned wealth on the table,
- Pay too much in taxes, and
- Lose control over the process by being reactive, rather than proactive.
On the other hand, a well designed and implemented exit plan enables you to:
- Control how and when you exit
- Maximize company value in good times and bad
- Minimize or eliminate capital gains taxes
- Ensure you achieve your business and personal goals
- Have strategic options from which to choose
- Reduce uncertainty for your family and employees
To be effective, your exit plan must include these six essential components:
- A concise statement of your business goals, personal goals, and family/estate goals.
- A detailed business valuation to establish a baseline value for the business.
- A plan to help you identify specific ways to enhance the value of the business prior to your exit.
- An analysis of the pros and cons of your different exit alternatives, such as a third party sale, management buyout, family succession, or liquidation
- Suggestions to minimize any capital gains, ordinary income, and estate taxes related to the exit.
- An action plan that details the specific personal and business steps you must take in order to prepare for your exit.
Your exit plan should be focused on two main objectives: 1) maximizing your company’s value prior to your exit, and 2) ensuring that you accomplish all of your business and personal objectives as part of the exit.
Sticking to your exit plan is just as important as having one. You should meet with your advisors on a regular basis to ensure that crucial steps are being completed on schedule. Nobody likes to pay unnecessary fees, but the cost of developing a good exit plan is usually tiny compared to the additional value received at the time of sale. After all, exiting your business is probably going to be the most important deal of your lifetime.
If you’d like to discuss your exit plan strategy in more detail, please contact Michael Trabert, Partner, Advisory Services.