Final Overtime Eligibility Rule Poses Potential Problems for Employers
By Ted Ginsburg, Director, Tax & Business Services
On September 24, 2019, the Department of Labor issued final regulations related to rules enforced by the Fair Labor Standards Administration (FLSA) which deal with the classifications of employees who are entitled to overtime pay for hours worked in excess of 40 per week. The new provisions are effective January 1, 2020.
Let’s look at the final regulation and understand the impact that these changes will have on businesses.
The New Provisions
Under current regulations, certain employees are exempt from the FLSA rules, which require the payment of overtime to employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek. To satisfy this exemption, the employee must be paid a minimum salary (the “salary level”) and perform certain types of duties that would be performed normally by executive, administrative or professional employees (the “duties”).
The salary level had not been adjusted since 2004, when it was set at $455 per week. The Trump administration is concerned that certain employees who are classified as exempt from overtime are working hours far in excess of 40 and are therefore earning far less than the minimum wage that would be paid to them if they were non-exempt, hourly employees.
The new regulation adjusts the salary level to $684 a week ($35,568 annually) and would be subject to annual revisions based on either changes in a salary survey or the Consumer Price Index. Employers can use non-discretionary bonuses and incentive payments (including commissions) paid at least annually to satisfy up to 10 percent of the standard salary level. The FLSA will update the salary level in the future.
There were no changes to the duties that determine an employee’s exempt vs non-exempt status.
Impact on Employers
The federal government estimates that this change will result in approximately 1.3 million more workers being subject to the overtime rules. Employers may not be pleased with the regulation. Among the issues:
- It will significantly increase labor costs, as overtime pay will now need to be granted to employees who previously were not entitled to overtime.
- To offset potential increased labor costs, employers may reduce the base pay of previously salaried employees; in effect, the “guarantee” of base pay will be diminished so that the total pay package, including overtime, will equal the prior base pay. This would add uncertainty to the weekly paycheck of the employees and require the employer to maintain more detailed time records than in the past.
- Will the change in the salary result in fewer white-collar jobs being created—and reduce the ability of employees to move into management roles?
Employers will need to implement these rules on January 1, 2020. This may result in the monitoring of hours for employees who have not had that requirement in the past. We would be pleased to discuss issues related to compensation structures and the impact of the FLSA regulation. For more information on this topic or other questions for our Compensation & Benefits Advisory Services Group, please contact Ted Ginsburg at 440.459.5797.